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Poverty has traditionally been defined in income or expenditure terms and can be viewed in relative or absolute terms.
Poverty and food security are complex and multidimensional in nature.
Poverty leads to under nutrition and food insecurity by limiting poor people's access to food.

About three-fourth of India's population living in the rural sector is reeling under abject poverty, illiteracy, ill-health, unemployment, low quality of life and many other factors
Food insecurity causes poverty, vulnerability and livelihood insecurity, but is at the same time also a result of these conditions.

It is widely accepted that poverty is currently the principal root cause of food insecurity at the level of households
. It is also clear that in several societies, households are not homogenous entities, since within a household, women and girl children often tend to be relatively more undernourished

Gender constitutes the most profound differentiating division. A gendered analysis of poverty reveals not simply its unequal incidence but also that both cause and effect are deeply gendered.
Women face a greater risk of poverty than men.
The gender disparity is most visible among female- headed households, notably lone mothers and single pensioners

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