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Policies and Programs related to Food 

The gender aspects of social security assume significance as it is widely recognized that, the position of women is particularly vulnerable to continued poverty and destitution when they attain old age and/or are widowed or divorced. The young girls and widows mainly constitute the female-headed households . This provides sufficient evidence to indicate that the role of women in ensuring food security at macro level as well as at the level of the household and the individual is a manifold one. It is also apparent that in India, poverty is deeply embedded in social constructs that impact adversely on women's economic status to society as well as her nutrition and health status, and food security caused from unequal distribution of food at home.

Consequently discrimination pattern of food consumption at home is the one cause of malnutrition among women. While much progress has been made on the food production and availability front, adequate nutrition outcomes cannot be assured without unraveling the complexities of the gender food security link. Ensuring equity in women's rights to land, property, capital assets, wages and livelihood opportunities would undoubtedly impact positively on the issue, but underlying the deep inequity in women's access to nutrition is her own unquestioning acceptance of her status as an unequal member of the family and society. Eventually, gender empowerment alone is likely to be the key to the resolution of the hunger challenge in the country
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